- Collection: Palmyra
The Tomb of the Three Brothers is a well-known frescoed hypogeum to the south of the Valley of the Tombs. The entrance has an extensive Palmyrene inscription over the door detailing the names of those interred inside.
These views look south from the Temple of Baalshamin over the main colonnade of the city.
The agora of Palmyra was located to the south of the tetrapylon and dates to the late C2nd.
Very little evidence of a large Christian presence in Palmyra has yet been discovered. This picture shows what is thought to be one of several basilicas in the north-western quarter of the city.
These images were taken on 1997 and, despite their relatively poor quality (they were badly developed in Syria) have been included as of possible interest due to the occupation of Palmyra by IS and the continuing uncertainty of the fate of many of the artefacts there. The pictures show Palmyrene sculptures and a scale model of the Temple of Bel.
The Temple of Baalshamin dates from the early C1st and was extended during Hadrian's reign in the C2nd. Until its destruction by IS on August 24th 2015, the cella of the temple was perfectly preserved although the surrounding enclosure did not survive so completely. It was the second most significant sanctuary in Palmyra after the Temple of Bel and was much smaller than its more famous neighbour, being located to north of the Roman era town.
The Temple of Bel as it appears today dates from the C1st-C2nd AD, but stands on a much older cult site near the date palm grove and Eqfa spring that enabled the foundation of a city in the middle of the Syrian desert. Later on the cella of the temple was adapted for use as a Christian church and faint traces of frescoes are still visible on the interior walls. It was also fortified in the middle ages and there was a village within the walls of the compound until the population was removed by the French authorities during their rule of Syria in the 1920s.
The Tetrapylon that stands today was reconstructed by the DGAM in the 1960s. The original structure was built in the C3rd in the reign of Diocletian. It is a measure of the wealth of the city at this time that the granite columns were imported from Egypt. The structure marks the crossroads where the axis of the main thoroughfare turns to a more acute northern angle.
The theatre in Palmyra.
These pictures show some of the tomb towers that populate the 'Valley of the Tombs' the most famous necropolis associated with Palmyra and located south of the ancient city.