Batumi/Tamar castle is situated on a small area of high ground above the Koroli river where it runs into the Black Sea. It contains the remains of a small church. It has been subject to some restoration in recent years and sadly a relatively new church was built into the south-west of the castle mound.
This article was published in 1999 and summarises some of the ideas that were expanded in the later monograph The Architecture and Liturgy of the Bema in Fourth- to-Sixth-Century Syrian Churches.
Bukistsikhe castle occupies a very strategic position on a hill above the River Supsa at the point where the narrow river valley opens up into a wider plain.
Zoti is similar to Bukistsikhe in terms of it being on a hill overlooking a narrow section of river valley. The valley in question is however much higher and steeper here with Zoti perched high above the valley floor.
Askana sits atop a high and steep hill with precipitous cliffs on one side overlooking the Bahkvistskali river.
Large fort on the fringes of late antique Lazica and referred to in late antique sources as being a place of importance to the defence of the kingdom.
Serving much the same purpose as Skande/Scandis and contemporary with it. Shorapani/Sarapanis is also referred to in late antique sources and played a role in the conflicts to control Lazica.
Defences of the city of Vardtsikhe/Rhodopolis. The western and south western sections seem to be the best preserved.There has been a significant amount of restoration in modern times and in some places complete replacement of the wall.