A number of clay pipes were found during the excavation and through communication with archaeologists at the Citadel of Damascus, it was established that they were amongst the earliest evidence for tobacco use in the region.
Date of Visit
10th August 2002
Metadata and all media released under Creative Commons unless otherwise indicated
The photographs of the 2001-2003 survey and excavation seasons have been lodged with the Archaeological Data Service and are reproduced here with their permission. For those who would like more specialised information such as context and intervention numbers or direction of shot please refer to: http://archaeologydataservice.ac.uk/archives/view/dmeap_ahrb_2004/gallery.cfm.
Emma Loosley, “Clay pipes,” Architecture and Asceticism, accessed September 28, 2021, https://architectureandasceticism.exeter.ac.uk/items/show/324.