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The Church of the Nativity, Bethlehem

The town of Bethlehem is located to the south of Jerusalem in the West Bank. Since the second century, pilgrims have flocked to the site traditionally associated as the place of Christ’s birth, a cave to the east of the town. In the fourth century, Helena, the Emperor Constantine’s mother, supposedly rediscovered the cave and had her son build a church to commemorate it. This church featured an octagonal structure at the eastern end that was positioned directly over the cave of the Nativity. At the centre of this octagon was a wide, circular opening to allow pilgrims to glimpse at the holy site. It was badly damaged during a Samaritan revolt in 529 AD and was rebuilt by the Emperor Justinian in the mid-sixth century. Much of this church has survived and is largely what is seen today. There were later modifications during the time of the Crusades, largely with the fresco painting on the nave columns. It is thus considered the oldest church in use.

Creator

Lucy O'Connor

Date of Visit

1st July to 8th August 2013

Contributor

Lucy O'Connor

Rights

Metadata and all media released under Creative CommonsCreative Commons BY-NC-SA unless otherwise indicated

Type

Architecture

Tags

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Collection

Bethlehem

Citation

Lucy O'Connor, “The Church of the Nativity, Bethlehem,” Architecture and Asceticism, accessed September 22, 2018, http://architectureandasceticism.exeter.ac.uk/items/show/202.

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