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  • Tags: Excavation

32 Items

The Cardo Maximus (Jerusalem's main thoroughfare)

The Cardo Maximus was the main thoroughfare of the Emperor Hadiran’s 2nd Century CE Aelia Capitolina. It was a wide, stone-paved and colonnaded road that led through the heart of the city from the north at the Damascus Gate to the south with an unknown end point.

The southern end of the road was excavated in the 1970s during the reconstruction of the city’s Jewish Quarter. Excavators uncovered a section of the road, now located below ground level and accessible for visitors to walk upon today. This section of road was dated to the Emperor Justinian’s rebuilding programme of the 6th Century CE to link the Church of the Holy Sepulchre to the newly constructed Nea Church. It should therefore be viewed as a later addition to the original Roman road as no evidence of an earlier pavement was excavated below.

Type: Archaeological Site
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Intervention 36, Cloister wall north of church

When the church structure was examined in detail it was discovered that the north wall was actually at least three walls built sandwiched against each other and rendered over to create a walk way along the northern wall of the cloister with a step up on to the church roof.

Type: Archaeological Excavation
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Interventions 38/39, the area west of the church

Intervention 38 was a narrow trench to determine the conditions of the church foundations west of the church. The students from the DGAM later split this into 38/39 and they have both been included in this entry.

Type: Archaeological Excavation
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Steps up from the monastery entrance

The steps up from the entrance clearly illustrate the fact that the ground level of the monastery is much higher than that outside the walls.

Type: Archaeological Excavation
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Intervention 35, trench south of the west end of the church

This trench was overseen by Wouroud Ibrahim of the DGAM and uncovered a series of small rooms that had been used for domestic purposes in the early C20th.

Type: Archaeological Excavation
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Intervention 38, West wall of cloister

The west wall of the cloister was demolished by earth-mover in the 1990s when a cemetery was appended to the west of the monastery cloister. This wall was revealed in the second season of excavation.

Type: Archaeological Excavation
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Int 12 view of the wall and trench

In this picture the wall built outside the north of the cloister can be seen in context with the north wall of the church and the enclosure.

Type: Archaeological Excavation
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Intervention 14, test trench on SE corner of cloister

This reveals that the two walls are not tied to each other at any point.

Type: Archaeological Excavation
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Walls in Int 12

The test trench abutting the north wall of the church and cloister revealed a wall parallel to the enclosure wall, suggesting that the cloister had contracted over time.

Type: Archaeological Excavation
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Intervention 14, test trench on SE corner of cloister, pre-excavation

This is the external SE corner of the cloister and is the corner with a mud brick tower. Stripping back the render revealed that the corner was constructed of two walls that abutted without being tied to each other.

Type: Archaeological Excavation
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