- Type is exactly "Mosaic"
Mosaic of Ktisis ('Foundation'). Villa of the Amazons, Halepli Bahçe, C5th-C6th.
Mosaic from the central chamber of the villa which is severely damaged with only a border of plants, water birds and some figural imagery still extant. Villa of the Amazons, Halepli Bahçe, C5th-C6th.
Mosaic of a scene with a lion. Villa of the Amazons, Halepli Bahçe, C5th-C6th.
Mosaic depicting four Amazon queens - identified as Melanippe, Penthesilea, Hippolyta and Thermodosa - hunting and killing a variety of wild animals and birds. Villa of the Amazons, Halepli Bahçe, C5th-C6th.
Mosaic with scene of a tiger. Villa of the Amazons, Halepli Bahçe, C5th-C6th.
Mosaic in a side room with the central image stolen. Villa of the Amazons, Halepli Bahçe, C5th-C6th.
Mosaic with scenes from the life of Achilles with figures including Thetis, Chiron and Odysseus. Border scenes include animals and buildings. Villa of the Amazons, Halepli Bahçe, C5th-C6th.
This photograph was taken in the gardens of the National Museum in Damascus in December 1992.
The place of the miracle of the Multiplication of the Loaves and Fishes is located on the north-western shores of the Sea of Galilee. The first church constructed on the site was built in the mid-fourth century. It was small, its altar was formed from the rock upon which Christ laid the bread and fish and it was not oriented to the east. In the late-fifth Century, it was enlarged to accommodate the growing number of pilgrims who visited the site, it was given an eastern orientation and was laid with mosaics of flora and fauna. The modern church built on the site follows the plans of the later church.
The Umayyad Mosque of Damascus is the earliest Islamic monument still extant after the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem. As with the Dome of the Rock, the Mosque boasts a large volume of mosaic decoration of the highest quality that is believed to have been carried out by Byzantine artisans given the similarities of the technique and motifs with high-quality Byzantine commissions of the same era. The most notable difference is that there is a complete absence of figural imagery in the Islamic monuments. In the case of the Umayyad Mosque the decoration is particularly intriguing as it depicts a range of landscapes both urban and pastoral, all entirely without living creatures. This has led many commentators to argue that it represents a vision of paradise, with others arguing instead for an idealised representation of Damascus. Whether or not these interpretations are correct, the mosaicists appear familiar with Roman architecture, with porticoed late Roman villas appearing prominently in the decoration, meaning that the mosaics demonstrate a continuity with earlier artistic forms rather than a definitive break with the past. In many ways the decorative scheme is far more conservative than that of the Dome of the Rock, which predates is by over twenty years.